The Role of Blockchain in Global Trade

April 12, 2023 by
The Role of Blockchain in Global Trade
DxTalks, Ibrahim Kazeem

Are you curious about blockchain technology's role in global trade? It's an exciting time, as businesses worldwide are exploring blockchain's potential to create more secure, transparent, and efficient supply chains.

In this article, I will take a closer look at how blockchain is transforming global trade and the benefits it can offer to businesses and consumers alike.

Explaining Blockchain

You should think of a blockchain as a digital ledger or record book. It's like a database that keeps track of all the transactions that take place between different parties. What makes blockchain unique is that it's decentralized, meaning it's not controlled by any one person or organization. Instead, multiple users worldwide contribute to and verify the transactions on the network.

This creates a highly secure and transparent system, making it ideal for things like cryptocurrency transactions or recording ownership of assets.

In short, blockchain is a new technology that allows people to securely and transparently exchange digital assets without needing a middleman.

Blockchain and Trade

Blockchain technology has significantly impacted trade, business, and commerce. One of the most notable benefits is that it creates a secure and transparent system for conducting transactions, which has helped to increase trust and reduce the need for intermediaries.

For instance, blockchain-based smart contracts allow parties to enter into digital agreements that are automatically executed once certain conditions are met, eliminating the need for lawyers or other intermediaries to oversee the process.

In addition, blockchain technology has enabled the creation of decentralized marketplaces, where buyers and sellers can exchange goods and services without relying on traditional e-commerce platforms like Amazon or eBay.

Overall, blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize the way we conduct business, making it more efficient, secure, and transparent. As the technology continues to evolve, we can expect to see even more innovative use cases emerge in the years to come.

How Blockchain is Changing Global Trade

Blockchain is changing the global trade landscape, creating more secure, efficient, and transparent supply chains. From tracking goods to streamlining payments, the technology is transforming how businesses operate worldwide.

1.      Supply Chain Transparency

One of the most significant benefits of blockchain in global trade is its ability to create transparency in supply chains. By using blockchain to track goods, companies can make a secure and immutable record of their journey from manufacturer to consumer. This helps to ensure that goods are ethically sourced, free from counterfeit products, and comply with local regulations.

For instance, Walmart uses blockchain technology to track the origin of its pork products in China. The technology allows the company to create a tamper-proof record of the journey of each pork product from the farm to the store shelves. This provides consumers with greater transparency about the origin of the food they buy and helps improve food safety.

2.      Supply Chain Security

Another critical benefit of blockchain in global trade is its ability to enhance supply chain security. By using blockchain to track goods, companies can create a secure and tamper-proof record of the journey of goods. This helps to prevent fraud and reduce the risk of counterfeit goods entering the supply chain.

For example, the luxury goods company LVMH has developed a blockchain-based system called Aura that allows consumers to verify the authenticity of its products. The technology enables consumers to scan a product using their smartphone and view a record of its journey from the manufacturer to the point of sale. This helps prevent counterfeit goods from entering the supply chain and provides consumers with greater confidence in the authenticity of the products they buy.

3.      Efficiency and Cost Reduction

Blockchain technology can also help to improve efficiency and reduce costs in global trade. By automating processes and removing the need for intermediaries, blockchain can help to streamline trade finance and reduce transaction costs.

For instance, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority and the People's Bank of China have collaborated to create a blockchain-based trade finance platform called eTradeConnect. The platform aims to simplify and streamline the trade finance process by reducing the need for intermediaries and automating the process of verifying trade documents. This can help to reduce the time and cost of completing trade finance transactions, making it easier for businesses to trade globally.

4.      Payment Settlements

Blockchain technology can also help to improve payment settlements in global trade. By using blockchain to facilitate transactions, businesses can reduce the time and cost of cross-border payments and ensure faster settlement times.

For example, Ripple, a blockchain-based payments company, has developed a system that allows cross-border payments to be completed in real-time. The technology uses blockchain to facilitate transactions between banks, reducing the need for intermediaries and streamlining the process of settling cross-border payments. This can help to reduce the time and cost of completing cross-border payments, making it easier for businesses to trade globally.

Challenges of Blockchain Role in Global Trade

While blockchain technology offers several benefits for international trade, there are also some significant challenges that need to be addressed.

Here are some of the main challenges:

1.      Regulatory Challenges:

One of the biggest challenges facing the adoption of blockchain technology in global trade is the need for regulatory clarity. Many countries have yet to establish clear regulations around blockchain, leading to uncertainty around the legality and use of blockchain in trade transactions.

2.      Interoperability Challenges:

Another significant challenge is the lack of interoperability among different blockchain platforms. Different companies and industries use various blockchain platforms, and there is no standardization, which makes it difficult to transfer information and assets between them.

3.      Security Challenges:

Security is a significant concern when it comes to blockchain technology. Although blockchain is inherently secure due to its decentralized nature, hackers can still exploit vulnerabilities in blockchain systems. There have been several high-profile incidents of cryptocurrency theft and fraud, which have undermined trust in blockchain technology.


4.      Scalability Challenges:

As blockchain networks grow, they become slower and less efficient. This is a significant challenge for global trade, where transactions must be processed quickly and efficiently. The current blockchain technology struggles to handle the massive volume of transactions that occur in global trade, and there are concerns about the scalability of the technology.

5.      Cost Challenges:

Implementing blockchain technology can be expensive, and there are additional costs associated with maintaining the network. This can be a significant barrier to adoption, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises that may need more resources to invest in blockchain technology.

6.      Education and Adoption Challenges:

Finally, there is a lack of education and awareness around blockchain technology. Many people do not understand how blockchain works, and there is a lack of awareness about its potential benefits for global trade. This can make it challenging to persuade businesses and governments to adopt blockchain technology.

Despite these challenges, many believe blockchain technology can potentially transform global trade.

To overcome these challenges, governments, businesses, and blockchain developers need to work together to establish clear regulations, promote standardization, enhance security, improve scalability, reduce costs, and educate stakeholders about th e benefits of blockchain technology.


Overall, blockchain technology can potentially transform how we conduct global trade. By enhancing supply chain transparency and security, improving efficiency and reducing costs, and improving payment settlements, blockchain is helping to make it easier for businesses to trade globally.

While the technology is still in its early stages, it's clear that it has the potential to unlock significant benefits for businesses and consumers alike, making global trade more secure, transparent, and efficient than ever before. 

About DxTalks

DxTalks is an events, media, and consultancy firm specialized in the Digital Transformation, Technology, Blockchain and Web3 field focused on the MENA region.