Top 10 Smart Contracts Examples Powering the Web3 Future in 2024

May 9, 2024 by
Top 10 Smart Contracts Examples Powering the Web3 Future in 2024
DxTalks, Ibrahim Kazeem

The concept of Web3 centers around decentralization and a user-owned internet.  At the core of this vision lies a powerful technology – Smart Contracts. 

These self-executing contracts eliminate the need for intermediaries, automating agreements and transactions on the blockchain.  

From revolutionizing supply chains to powering innovative DeFi applications, Smart Contracts are shaping the future of the web.  

In this blog, we explored the top 10 real-world examples of Smart Contracts currently transforming various industries and showcasing the immense potential of Web3 in 2024.

READ: Web3 and The Creator Economy

What is a smart contract? 

A smart contract is a self-executing digital contract that automatically enforces and executes the terms of an agreement between parties without the need for intermediaries. 

Built on blockchain technology, smart contracts are coded with predefined rules and conditions, ensuring transparency, security, and immutability.

In Web3, smart contracts are pivotal in decentralising various aspects of digital interactions. 

For example, in decentralized finance (DeFi), smart contracts facilitate lending, borrowing, and trading of digital assets on platforms like Compound and Uniswap. 

They enable decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) to operate autonomously, allowing members to vote on proposals and allocate resources transparently, as seen with platforms like Aragon and DAOstack. 

Additionally, smart contracts ensure transparency and traceability of products from origin to consumer in supply chain management, exemplified by projects like VeChain and IBM Food Trust. Overall, smart contracts in Web3 enable trustless, efficient, and transparent transactions across diverse industries.

Top 10 Smart Contracts Examples Powering the Web3 Future in 2024

1. Decentralized Finance (DeFi) Platforms


The problem it solves within Web3:

Traditional financial systems are often centralized, with intermediaries controlling access to financial services and imposing high fees. 

DeFi platforms address these issues by providing decentralized alternatives for lending, borrowing, trading, and earning interest on digital assets.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts in DeFi platforms automate financial transactions and agreements, eliminating the need for intermediaries. 

For example, lending protocols like Compound and Aave use smart contracts to enable users to lend their assets and earn interest, while borrowers can collateralize assets and borrow funds without requiring approval from a centralized authority.

Real-world projects using it

  1. Compound: Compound is a leading DeFi protocol that allows users to earn interest on their cryptocurrency holdings by supplying assets to lending pools. Smart contracts manage the borrowing and lending process, automatically adjusting interest rates based on supply and demand.
  2. Aave: Aave is a decentralized lending platform enabling users to borrow digital assets through smart contracts. It offers innovative features such as flash loans, which allow borrowers to borrow assets without collateral as long as the loan is repaid within the same transaction.

2. Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs)

The problem it solves within Web3:

Traditional organizations are centralized entities governed by a hierarchical structure, leading to inefficiencies, lack of transparency, and susceptibility to corruption. 

DAOs address these issues by enabling decentralized governance, decision-making, and resource allocation.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts in DAOs encode the rules and processes for governing the organization, including voting mechanisms, proposal submission, and fund management. 

DAO members interact with these smart contracts to participate in decision-making, vote on proposals, and allocate resources according to predefined rules.

Real-world projects using:

  • Aragon: Aragon is a platform for creating and managing decentralized organizations. It provides tools for launching DAOs with customizable governance structures, voting mechanisms, and token management. Smart contracts power the governance processes, allowing members to vote on proposals and manage organizational resources.
  • DAOstack: DAOstack is a framework for building decentralized applications (dApps) and DAOs. It offers tools for collective decision-making, prediction markets, and token-curated registries. Smart contracts enable DAOstack users to create and govern decentralized organizations with transparent and democratic processes.

3. Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

The problem it solves within Web3:

Traditional digital assets lack scarcity and ownership verification, making them susceptible to duplication and unauthorized use. 

NFTs solve this problem by representing unique, indivisible digital assets on the blockchain, enabling ownership verification, provenance tracking, and monetization of digital content.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts for NFTs define each token's properties and characteristics, including ownership, metadata, and transferability. Each NFT is represented by a unique token ID stored on the blockchain and can be transferred, bought, and sold through smart contract interactions.

Real-world projects using it

  • CryptoKitties: CryptoKitties is a blockchain-based game where players collect, breed, and trade virtual cats. Each cat is represented by an NFT, with unique attributes and characteristics stored on the Ethereum blockchain. Smart contracts manage the breeding and trading of CryptoKitties, ensuring ownership and authenticity.
  • Decentraland: Decentraland is a virtual reality platform built on the Ethereum blockchain, where users can buy, sell, and trade virtual land and assets represented by NFTs. Smart contracts govern land ownership, asset creation, and transactions within the virtual world, enabling users to create and monetize digital content.

4. Supply Chain Management

The problem it solves within Web3:

Traditional supply chains suffer from issues such as lack of transparency, inefficient processes, and counterfeit goods. Web3 smart contracts address these challenges by providing immutable, transparent, and traceable product provenance, authenticity, and movement records.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts in supply chain management encode the rules and processes for tracking and verifying the movement of goods throughout the supply chain. 

Each transaction, such as production, transportation, and delivery, is recorded on the blockchain, providing an auditable product history and authenticity trail.

Real-world projects using it

  • VeChain: VeChain is a blockchain platform specializing in supply chain management and product authenticity. It enables businesses to track and verify the authenticity and origin of products throughout the supply chain using smart contracts. Companies such as Walmart China and H&M have used VeChain to enhance transparency and traceability in their supply chains.
  • IBM Food Trust: IBM Food Trust is a blockchain-based platform for tracking and tracing food products throughout the supply chain. It leverages smart contracts to record and authenticate product information, enabling stakeholders to monitor food safety, quality, and compliance. Major retailers and food companies, including Walmart and Nestlé, are using IBM Food Trust to improve supply chain transparency and reduce foodborne illnesses.

5. Decentralized Identity and Authentication

The problem it solves within Web3:

Centralized identity systems are vulnerable to data breaches, identity theft, and lack of user control over personal information. 

Decentralized identity solutions powered by smart contracts address these issues by enabling users to securely control, manage, and verify their identities on the blockchain.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts for decentralized identity store and manage user identity information on the blockchain, such as biometrics, credentials, and attestations. 

Users have control over their identity data and can selectively disclose information to third parties, reducing the risk of data breaches and identity theft.

Real-world projects using it

  • uPort: uPort is a decentralized identity platform built on the Ethereum blockchain, allowing users to create and manage their digital identities. Smart contracts enable users to control access to their identity information and selectively disclose it to service providers for authentication and authorization.
  • Civic: Civic is a blockchain-based identity verification platform that allows users to securely verify their identities without sharing sensitive information. Smart contracts facilitate the issuance and verification of digital identity credentials, providing a secure and privacy-preserving solution for identity verification.

6. Decentralized File Storage and Sharing

The problem it solves within Web3:

Centralized file storage and sharing services are prone to data breaches, censorship, and single points of failure. 

Decentralized file storage solutions powered by smart contracts offer a secure, censorship-resistant alternative that provides users with full control over their data.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts for decentralized file storage enable users to store and retrieve files securely on the blockchain or decentralized storage networks. Files are encrypted, fragmented, and distributed across multiple nodes, ensuring redundancy, privacy, and resistance to censorship.

Real-world projects using it

  • Filecoin: Filecoin is a decentralized storage network built on the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) protocol. Smart contracts on Filecoin enable users to buy and sell storage space, with miners earning rewards for storing and retrieving files. Filecoin provides a decentralized alternative to traditional cloud storage services, allowing users to securely store and access their data without relying on centralized providers.
  • IPFS: IPFS is a decentralized peer-to-peer protocol for storing and sharing content. Smart contracts can manage access control, payments, and incentives for storing and distributing content on the IPFS network. Projects such as Pinata and Fleek leverage IPFS smart contracts to provide decentralized file storage and hosting solutions.

7. Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs)

The problem it solves within Web3:

Centralized exchanges are vulnerable to hacking, fraud, and regulatory restrictions, posing risks to user funds and privacy. 

Decentralized exchanges (DEXs) powered by smart contracts offer a trustless, censorship-resistant alternative for trading digital assets securely and privately.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts in decentralized exchanges facilitate peer-to-peer trading of digital assets directly between users without the need for intermediaries. 

They manage order matching, trade execution, and asset custody, ensuring that trades are settled securely and transparently on the blockchain.

Real-world projects using it 

  • Uniswap: Uniswap is a decentralized exchange protocol built on the Ethereum blockchain. Smart contracts power automated liquidity pools and enable users to trade ERC-20 tokens directly from their Ethereum wallets. Uniswap's permissionless and open-source design has made it one of the most popular DEXs in the DeFi space.
  • SushiSwap: SushiSwap is a decentralized exchange platform forked from Uniswap. It offers additional features such as yield farming, staking, and governance. Smart contracts govern liquidity pools, token swaps, and yield farming incentives, providing users with opportunities to earn rewards for contributing liquidity to the platform.

8. Decentralized Lending and Borrowing

The problem it solves within Web3:

Centralized financial institutions often restrict access to credit and lending services, excluding underserved populations from financial opportunities. 

Decentralized lending and borrowing platforms powered by smart contracts offer an inclusive and permissionless alternative for accessing capital and earning interest on digital assets.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts in decentralized lending and borrowing platforms automate the lending and borrowing process, enabling users to lend their assets and earn interest or borrow funds against collateral. They manage loan agreements, interest rates, and collateralization ratios, ensuring that loans are executed securely and transparently on the blockchain.

Real-world projects using it

  • MakerDAO: MakerDAO is a decentralized lending platform that allows users to generate stablecoins (DAI) by collateralizing their digital assets. Smart contracts govern the collateralization process, liquidation mechanisms, and stability fees, ensuring the stability and liquidity of the DAI stablecoin.
  • Compound: Compound is a decentralized lending protocol that enables users to earn interest on their cryptocurrency holdings by supplying assets to liquidity pools. Smart contracts manage borrowing and lending transactions, automatically adjusting interest rates based on supply and demand.

9. Decentralized Prediction Markets

The problem it solves within Web3:

Centralized prediction markets need more transparency, manipulation, and censorship, limiting their effectiveness in aggregating information and predicting future events. 

Decentralized prediction markets powered by smart contracts offer a transparent, censorship-resistant alternative for forecasting and betting on future outcomes.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts in decentralized prediction markets enable users to create, trade, and settle prediction contracts (oracles) on the outcome of future events. 

They manage the creation of prediction markets, market liquidity, and settlement of contracts based on real-world outcomes, ensuring that predictions are made and settled transparently on the blockchain.

Real-world projects using it

  • Augur: Augur is a decentralized prediction market platform built on the Ethereum blockchain. Smart contracts power prediction markets, allowing users to create and participate in bets on the outcome of events such as elections, sports events, and financial markets. Augur's decentralized design ensures that market outcomes are determined by consensus and settled transparently on the blockchain.
  • Gnosis: Gnosis is a decentralized prediction market platform that offers customizable prediction market templates and tools for creating and trading prediction markets. Smart contracts enable users to create markets, provide liquidity, and settle bets based on real-world events, providing a transparent and decentralized platform for forecasting and betting.

10. Decentralized Governance and Decision-Making

The problem it solves within Web3:

Traditional governance structures are often centralized, opaque, and unresponsive to stakeholders' needs and preferences. 

Decentralized governance platforms powered by smart contracts offer a transparent, inclusive, and participatory alternative for making collective decisions and allocating resources within decentralized organizations and communities.

Explanation of the smart contract logic:

Smart contracts in decentralized governance platforms encode the rules and processes for decision-making, voting, and resource allocation within decentralized organizations (DAOs) and communities. 

They manage voting mechanisms, proposal submission, and fund management, enabling stakeholders to participate in governance processes transparently and autonomously on the blockchain.

Real-world projects using it

  • Aragon: Aragon is a platform for creating and managing decentralized organizations (DAOs) and communities. Smart contracts power governance processes, allowing members to vote on proposals, allocate resources, and manage organizational activities transparently and autonomously. Aragon's modular design and customizable governance structures make it popular for building decentralized organizations and communities.
  • DAOstack: DAOstack is a framework for building decentralized applications (dApps) and DAOs. It offers tools for collective decision-making, prediction markets, and token-curated registries. Smart contracts enable DAOstack users to create and govern decentralized organizations with transparent and democratic processes, fostering community collaboration and coordination.

Conclusion

Smart contracts are crucial in powering decentralized applications (dApps) and enabling innovative use cases within the Web3 ecosystem. 

From decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms to supply chain management solutions, decentralized identity, and prediction markets, smart contracts provide the foundational infrastructure for building transparent, secure, and trustless systems that redefine how we interact and transact online. 

As blockchain innovation evolves, smart contracts will remain at the forefront of driving the Web3 revolution forward, unlocking new opportunities and possibilities for decentralized applications and services.

FAQs About Top Smart Contract Examples

1. What are the top 10 smart contracts examples?

The top 10 smart contract examples include DeFi platforms, DAOs, NFTs, supply chain management, decentralized identity, file storage, DEXs, lending/borrowing, prediction markets, and decentralized governance.

2. What is a smart contract with an example?

A smart contract is a self-executing digital contract that automatically enforces and executes the terms of an agreement between parties. For example, a lending protocol like Compound uses smart contracts to facilitate lending and borrowing of digital assets.

3. Which smart contract is best?

Determining the best smart contract depends on the specific use case and requirements. For DeFi, Compound and Aave are popular choices, while Aragon and DAOstack are leading options for decentralized governance.

4. What is an example of a smart contract payment?

An example of a smart contract payment is a transaction on a decentralized exchange (DEX) like Uniswap, where users exchange digital assets directly using smart contracts. 

Users send cryptocurrency to the smart contract, which executes the trade and distributes the swapped tokens automatically.